The Voice and its Double
The Voice and its Double
Kodaly-Hand-Signs.jpg

"Curwen Left Hand Signing"

In his gouache drawing "Curwen Left Hand Signing", the German-English artist Christian Flamm deploys Curwen’s solfege hand signs (“the manual signs of tone in key”), replacing the original names (do, re, mi) with the German equivalents for each key (c, d, e). The hand signs adapted by Reverend John Curwen (1816–1880) from earlier systems are also used in the Kodály Method for children’s music education. Against the conventions of a musical score, the hand signs shown in this work are to be read from down to top simultaneously depict and are depicted by Flamm’s left hand.


Christian Flamm, Curwen Left Hand Signing, watercolour/ink on paper, 52 x 76cm, 2009. Courtesy the artist.